Exploring Feminism and Marital Relations in “The Optimist” by Bina Shah: A Transitivity Analysis

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The current research paper tries to explore feminism and marital relations in an English short story by Bina Shah in a Pakistani context. Halliday's Trnsitivity System (2004) as textual analysis supported to identify the feminine and feminist traits in English fiction. The high frequency of material process (66) out of 200 clauses presented Raheela as a feminist, whereas the Relational process (56) reflected her feminine traits. The participants of the processes and circumstances made the institution of marriage clear; the desire and choice for marriage, sending marriage proposal and accepting proposal were all by the groom, his parents and bride's parents, but the bride had no right to express her choice and is generally supposed to follow her parents. Marital relation was built without the compatibility of the participants of marriage. The research helped to identify the writer's reflection of feminism and unfolded Asian culture with respect to marriage.


1-Ambreen Mahmood
PhD Scholar, The Women University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.

2-Masroor Sibtain
Assistant Professor, Department of English, Government Graduate College of Science, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.


Transitivity, Textual Analysis, Feminism, Marital Relations and The Optimist

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Volume & Issue

V - IV

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Published: 12 2020

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