AbstractThis paper is about language variation i.e. lexical
variation caused by the interfaces of Phonology,
Morphology and Syntax in Pakistani languages.
According to Shackle (2014) Urdu, Punjabi and Seraiki
languages belong to the Indo-Aryan language family.
However, there are found many lexical differences
significant enough to make these languages quite
different from one another. The study focuses on these
lexical variations based on three types of interfaces, i.e.
Phonology/Morphology, Phonology/Syntax, and
Morphology/Syntax. The data has been collected from
the native speakers of Urdu, Punjabi, and Seraiki. The
analysis of the data includes finding out the three types
of interfaces, making derivations and notations
(Chomsky and Halle; 1968), and formulating the rules.
Then a comparison of all these rules and lexical
variations have been discussed. Results have shown
that these interfaces play an important role to cause
lexical variation among Urdu, Punjabi and Seraiki; the
languages with common ancestry
1-Umaima Kamran Assistant Professor, Department of English, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Samra Saghir Visiting Lecturer, Department of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Keywordslexical variation, Pakistani languages, IndoAryan, interfaces.
Volume & IssueIV - I