Sherman Alexies Environmental Racism in The Summer of Black Widows

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Relationship with the environment is rooted in the epistemology of a community. The white worldview favors hierarchy of the chain of being. Environment being at the lowest rung deserves only one response from mankind: subjugation and destruction which entail white dominance for ecocide of the Native American environment. Alexies incorporation of Nature is not an escapist stance; it comes from the understanding that no venture into future is possible without understanding the past. The Native American epistemology is land based in which geography, events, myth and history cohere with mutually supporting brotherhood of humans and non-humans. Alexie is an environmental racist who believes that the Euroamericans are responsible for the breach of the Native American ecological balance. Dislocations of the Natives and the destruction of their environment meant the annihilation of their civilization. Alexies poetry imaginatively recovers the Native American relationship with the environment destroyed by EuroAmerican colonization


1-Ghulam Murtaza
Associate Professor, Department of English, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.

2-Shaheena Ayub Bhatti
Professor, Department of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

3-Shazia Rose
Assistant Professor, Department of English, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.


Native American Literature, Euroamerican Literature, Anthropomorphism, Speciesism, Nature, Horizontal and Vertical Relationship with

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Volume & Issue

IV - I

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Published: Jun 2019

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