A Narrative of Confrontation and Reconciliation Through Vivid Symbolism: A Study of Mohsin Hamid's Novel the Reluctant Fundamentalist

Views (549)
Downloads (0)


This study examined The Reluctant Fundamentalist by Mohsin Hamid, a response to American position on 9/11. The author's 'research back' and 'counter history' literary technique was explored to analyze it as a fiction of confrontation and reconciliation. Both the elements have been studied with reference to vivid symbolism of the characters, names, situations, texts and references. The novel is a bold encounter with American political narrative and military response. Out of a huge volume of post-9/11 fiction, The Reluctant Fundamentalist stands out as a part of counter narrative literature. This study reveals its position as a fiction which puts forth a balanced approach. The novel, despite displaying the element of confrontation, presents the gesture of reconciliation. It does not incite for war; it invites for political, cultural and socioeconomic engagement. It stipulates the need for Pakistan and the Muslim world to minimize their gulf of mistrust and misunderstanding with America.


1-Hashim Khan
Department of English & General Subjects, Saudi Japanese Automobile High Institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

2-Muhammad Umer
Department of English, Islamia College University Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

3-Khalid Azim Khan
Assistant Professor, Deanship of University Development and Quality Assurance, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.


Mohsin Hamid, The Reluctant Fundamentalist, Confrontation, Reconciliation

DOI Number


Page Nos


Volume & Issue


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Published: 09 2020

Citation Formats

ABNT   APA   BibTex   MLA   Oxford   Harvard   Chicago   Turabian   AAA   MHRA

Share Article

© 2016, All rights reserved - by GLR journal