Phonological Reduction in Pashto

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The study is concerned with the phonological reduction in Pashto. The study particularly focuses on the reduction in the structure of complex predicates, verbal clitics and postpositional phrases in Pashto. The study finds out that the phonological reduction has syntactic/semantic or phonological factors allowing or constraining it. These more or less reduced and expanded forms are closely related to a number of linguistics abstractions. In structures with verbal clitics and postpositions, the reduction is optional, while in structure with complex predicates, the phonological reduction is obligatory if the compound verb denotes imperfective aspect. The obligatory reduction makes a single phonological unit from two syntactic units by omitting consonants or vowels in the structure of the phrase. The reduction is avoided if it creates an ambiguity of some kind or if the meaning of the lexical items is changed, and so, its allowance in one structure is constrained in another.


1-Arshad Ali Khan
Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics and Communications, UMT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

2-Ghani Rahman
Assistant Professor, Department of English, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.

3-Syed Shujaat Ali
Assistant Professor, Department of English, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.


Phonological Reduction, Verbal Clitics, Complex Predicate, Postpositional Phrase, Pashto

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Published: 09 2020

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