Spiritual Abuse: A Critical Analysis of Ali and Brentons Iranian Nights

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The current research is a critical study of the play Iranian Nights (1989) and it has been tried to explain how certain religious fanatics use religion as their weapon to safeguard their interests. Perspectives of different prominent thinkers like Hughes (2015), Shulman (2016), Schultz (2016), and Black (2015), regarding spiritual abuse, religious intolerance, extremism, and sectarianism, etc. provided the necessary conceptual framework for the research in hand. The data was analyzed keeping in view the parameters of narrative analysis which enabled the researchers to interpret meanings beyond the textual fabrication of narration. It was concluded that spiritual abuse was the result of the narrowmindedness and intolerant behavior of the religious fanatics in the shape of Caliphs, Mullahs, and Kazis. These characters manipulated religious ideals and defamed the religion of Islam in the name of reformation.


1-Abdul Waheed Qureshi
Assistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.

2-Ubaid Ullah
M.Phil. Scholar, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.

3-Shazia Ayyaz
Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.


Abuse; Extremism; Fanatic; Intolerance; Manipulation

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V - I

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Published: Mar 2020

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